21 local businesses to support in 2021

Edited to remove Ying Garden (closed) and replaced with Simple Lifestyle Healthy Vegetarian

Happy new year! How’s your 2021 so far? Due to the situation in UK and Japan, I can’t apply for jobs yet (still waiting for UK to send my cert!). Also I didn’t get to take much breaks last year due to my book, studies (TESOL and JLPT) and freelance private chef duties. I’m taking it easy this month so now I finally have time to share more! The following is a list of local businesses I personally love and patronise. I’m sure some of you have already heard of or visited them, but some of these aren’t well-known yet. If you’re doing Veganuary, do check them out.

The list also contains some sponsored discount codes to products I personally consume and recommend. Addresses, opening hours etc are linked in the names of each business.


I couldn’t go out much since April 2020, so this list is shorter than I wanted. These are great places to dine in because their food is unique, or what I consider the best within a category.


Type: Vegan, some dishes can be made alliums-free

Finally a vegan Vietnamese place in Singapore and finally a more affordable option in Somerset! Previously, only certain Vietnamese chains like Nam Nam offered just one or two vegan options on their menu. Whenever I was in the Somerset area, I could only go to Real Food which isn’t budget friendly. So I’m really glad that Kind Bowl opened just 2 minutes from the MRT. I’ve had their No-moo Noodles (has house made cha lua and very spicy!), Kind Pho (my favourite), No-crab Noodles (has house made crab cake), No-moo Latte and Summer Roll (fantastic sauce). I love the freshness of the dishes and the friendliness of their staff. On my first visit (vlog below), Amanda and I were happily taking photos of the dish. One lady staff brought over our last dish and gently said, “Eat soon, cold already not nice”. That warmed our hearts just like how their pho warmed our tummies. If you’re going in a big group (no more than 8 of course), do make a reservation as they seem to be often packed.

More on Kind Bowl and others in my vlog.


Type: Vegan, alliums-free

The first vegan bubble tea shop in Singapore located in Fortune Centre, the building with the highest concentration of vegetarian/vegan eateries in Singapore. I make it a point to patronise Mong Cha Cha whenever I’m in the Bugis area. If you bring your own bottle, they’d even give a discount. My current favourite is their Strawberry Boba because it has a nostalgic taste that reminds me of my favourite childhood snacks. The Mugi Rice Creme is also a dream come true – as a kid I used to love Starbucks coffee with whipped cream. I’m so glad there’s a vegan and caffeine-free version as I became intolerant to caffeine after 25.

Mugi Rice Creme Latte. Image: Mong Cha Cha


Type: Vegan, alliums-free

A household name within the Singaporean vegetarian community, not only because they serve affordable, vegan and alliums-free comfort food, but they are also a social enterprise with a strong focus on helping the underprivileged. They distribute vegan food to certain groups of elderly, disabled and other needy people in Singapore, such as the case of the visually impaired man selling biscuits on the street till 11pm. They have many outlets across the island. I used to work in CBD so I went to their old Shenton outlet often with my ex-colleagues and we always enjoyed their economic rice, laksa, lor mee and hor fun. Some time in 2019 they moved to Amoy Food Centre where they had to downsize their kitchen. So they stopped offering a large variety of dishes but adopted a pay-as-you-wish model. Just place your payment into their donation box after ordering your food. Personally I find that the food’s flavour has changed since they moved, but I still try to support them when I can because of their charity efforts. Their vegan chicken rice is rather delicious, I always ask to add some more veggies for a more balanced meal.


Type: Ovo-lacto Vegetarian, alliums-free

This chain has been around for a long time with currently 3 outlets across the island. I have only eaten at Yew Tee Point‘s outlet so what I’m writing is only based on my experiences there. During my polytechnic FYP, I interviewed the boss of San De as part of a collaboration with Koufu. She started off as a seamstress and converted to Buddhism. With zero experience in F&B, she started her own vegetarian stall more than 10 years ago and it remained standing till today – a feat for any vegetarian business in Singapore. This stall is very popular and I have seen queues even during non-peak hours. There are many dishes I love here. My top pick being their economic rice, specifically during breakfast. The food tastes freshest during the morning and sometimes there are handmade breakfast exclusives like soon kueh, peng kueh, lor mai kai, that were all vegan when I asked. I absolutely loved their lor mai kai, it was so homely and stuffed with mushrooms and other ingredients. I also like their boiled soups; the flavours change daily. Other than the standard watercress or radish boiled soups, they occasionally offer interesting flavours – I’ve never had green papaya boiled soups anywhere else!

I’ve not had lor mai gai in years and I’m so glad to have eaten a handmade one.


Type: Vegan, alliums-free

Thunder tea rice isn’t a dish that will appeal to everyone because of the green herbs soup. However for those who enjoy this dish that’s said to be the healthiest hawker dish, you must visit this stall. Even if you don’t love thunder tea, you can still enjoy their other homemade dishes like Mushroom Kolo Mee, which is my favourite non-herbal dish there. They have two outlets, one in Raffles Hospital and one in People’s Park Centre. I’ve only been to the People’s Park one. They are already rather famous as they sell delicious food, using organic whenever possible, at a pretty affordable price. I enjoy chatting with the boss whenever I visit too. He’s so passionate about lei cha; he always tells people not to add chilli into their herbs soup as it will clash with the flavour – but their homemade chilli is so fiery and amazing especially with the Mushroom Kolo Mee.

I think they are also the first in SG to sell Leicha Kolo Mee. Eat it like tsukemen or pour the soup into your noodles.

6. simple lifestyle vegetarian cafe

Type: Vegan, alliums-free

Located in Oxley Towers, this is one of the few remaining vegan places in CBD that is both healthy and affordable (for people who are not on Spass/Epass salary). When I worked in CBD, I brought my own food most of the time to save money. The only thing that prevented me from visiting here often was that they were only open for lunch and usually ran out by 1pm. Despite that, I have eaten there countless times in 2019 (often rushing down at 1230pm when I could) and their dishes were always high-quality, nourishing and delicious. Their Buddha bowl, which is basically cai fan but much healthier, has quinoa mixed into the rice and comes with a colourful variety of sides. Their homemade soups and chilli are superb too, you can taste the natural savouriness and sweetness of the ingredients used. They now have self-pickup and delivery only but has increased the variety of dishes, now offering ready-to-eat, evening and frozen meals to heat up at your office or home. Menu is updated daily on their facebook – the priciest dish is only $5.50 before delivery charges. You can whatsapp them to make your order.

Tomato noodles – my absolute favourite from them. Once, a lady who sat beside me exclaimed loudly while on the phone, “OMG! This vegetarian food so yummy!!!” while sipping their soup.


Type: Vegetarian, alliums-free

I have very high standards for dumplings because my parents are from Shandong, where practically every household has their own dumpling recipe. So far in Singapore, none of the dumplings I’ve had outside comes close to what we make at home. However, this stall, in Circuit Road Hawker Centre, offers the best guo tie I’ve eaten outside of my house so far, considering that the skin is not made from scratch. The flavour of the filling is well balanced with an inviting warmth and savouriness that keeps you coming back for more. Pair it with their ginger vinegar for extra oomph. In any self-respecting Shandong household, all dumpling skins must be made from scratch using certain techniques that I shared in my book and IG. It’s a very labour-intensive process so most local businesses prefer pre-made skin. It’s located just opposite Victor’s Veggie, so you can try satay, otah and dumplings all at once.

Comes with black vinegar and ginger strips.


Type: Vegan, alliums-free

I think this is the best vegan satay in the whole of Singapore. Tender, juicy, perfectly charred and incredibly addictive – and I’m not usually a fan of mock meats. I’d travel across the island all the way to Circuit Road Hawker Centre just to eat this. The quality and taste has always been consistent since 4 or 5 years ago when I first had it. I’m glad that they stopped using styrofoam plates since early 2020. Their handmade otah is also what I’d consider the best vegan otah in Singapore. Much more tender and flavourful than the frozen types commonly used in vegetarian places. Their staff is kind and Uncle Victor is always up for a friendly chat.

More Circuit Road Hawker Centre finds in my vlog 🙂

9. Warung Ijo

Type: Ovo-lacto Vegetarian, alliums-free

Probably the first vegetarian and alliums-free Indonesian restaurant in Singapore, located near Haji Lane. So far I’ve tried Mee Soto (favourite), Nasi Lemak Rendang, Lemper, Skingkong Santan, Bakso Soup, Lemongrass Tofu and a jar of their housemade Cabe Ijo – all of them were fantastic. I’ve never experienced such consistent high quality in various dishes in a single restaurant before. I’ve also ordered from them via Oddle (islandwide delivery) and the dishes still tasted incredible after being on the road. They do use egg and dairy but most of their dishes can be veganised, which are clearly labelled in the menu.

What I love about Warung Ijo is that many of the items are homemade and you can taste the care put into them! Image: Warung Ijo


Type: Vegan, alliums-free

Well Loft is the fully vegan and alliums-free evolution of Well Dressed Salad Bar, a cafe in Chinatown that has been the meeting point for the vegan community since 2016. It’s now located on level 3, just above Eight Treasures, one of the most established Chinese vegetarian restaurants which is also very vegan friendly. Enter from the side entrance of the shophouse and climb up the stairs. I had my Christmas lunch there with family and we absolutely loved it. My favourite savoury dish is the Breakfast, Brunch or Dinner because you get a bit of everything, be it house-made tofu ‘feta’ or guac, in one hearty plate. My top pick for dessert is the Tira-Miso Good, a layered sponge cake and coffee ice cream dessert topped with a miso-infused sweet cream. Browse their menu here.

The Breakfast, Brunch or Dinner. Image: Well Loft

Don’t forget to check out Eight Treasures just below too, they have wonderful Vegan Shark’s Fin Soup, Eefu Noodles, Hor Fun and other traditional dishes – perfect for your CNY gathering.



Type: Lacto-vegetarian, alliums-free

This is a neighbourhood gem located in Bukit Batok, just 2 shops beside the popular Sunny Choice vegetarian cafe. They offer local flavours and Asian-style breads and buns that are incredibly soft and fully. In this part of Asia, bread is more of a snack and breakfast item thus our breads are very soft – it’s just what we prefer. Every time I visit, I’d see new vegan bun flavours. Vegan breads and bakes are clearly labelled. So far, I’ve had their vegan red bean buns (absolutely recommend), sambal bun (spicy!), salted mung bean (recommended for those who don’t like sweet stuff) and coconut bun (nostalgic flavour). I also like their multi-coloured bread that’s made with natural colouring. 

It’s so fluffy and fun to eat, you don’t even need to cut it – just pull off a chunk and marvel at the texture!


Type: Lacto-vegetarian, alliums-free

I’ve shared a lot about this bakery which is popular within the local Chinese Singaporean vegetarian community, but I feel they aren’t well known enough within other groups of people, especially the younger generation. A humble and old school bakery, located along Sims Avenue, that specialises in local flavours like tau sa piah (bean paste pastry), pandan cake, marble and banana cakes. During the Chinese festivals like CNY and Mid Autumn, they also offer specials like pineapple tarts and vegan salted egg yolk mooncake, which is my favourite item from them. They also sell dried food products like quinoa and peach gum (the only source of vegan collagen as far as I know). They have never used eggs and also do not use dairy for most of their bakes. Just ask the friendly uncle to help point out which ones are vegan, which often is most of their products. Kwan Tzi Tzai, the popular vegetarian eatery famous for their laksa, is also located just a few shops away from them.

Old school, fluffy and cheap.

Home businesses

Living in the far Northwest of Singapore has it’s cons. I can’t buy from home businesses as much as I want. I’d love to be able to meet up for collection at various locations but they are usually at least 1 hour away from me, and delivery to my area is rather expensive. But these are 2 home-based businesses who shared with my their carefully crafted goodies which converted me into a fan!


Type: Vegan, alliums-free

Out of the vegan home bakers I know, they offer the most beautifully and delicately crafted cookies, cupcakes, cakes and more. They sent me their Christmas box last year and it was such a delight just opening the box. For Chinese New Year, they usually offer pineapple tarts and more, so follow their IG for updates. They also do custom character cakes and cupcakes too. Order here if you want your next special occasion to be instagram-worthy.

Look at what they can make! Image: lalacakeland


14. 4MY 

Type: Vegan

The first artisanal vegan camembert cheese made in Singapore by new startup 4MY. Organic cashews are cultured naturally, creating a soft, creamy interior encased with a bloomy white rind. As someone who does a lot of fermented food at home, I really appreciate the care and knowledge behind each block of cheese. Fermentation is not easy at all because you are dealing with a live ecosystem of bacteria and they can be very temperamental. You can enjoy the cheese and the rind with crackers, jam, fresh fruit or a glass of your favourite wine. My favourite way to savour this is to pan fry slices of it with olive oil till golden brown. The taste changes to a bold mushroom-y woodiness. The amount of complexity and potential in each block is mind-blowing, considering that only 5 ingredients are used. Order here.

Find your favourite combinations – I like my vegan camembert with a bit of spice!


15. Vegetarian world foods online

My go-to for daily essentials are always NTUC and wet market, but there are some specific items that aren’t sold in those places. That’s where Vegetarian World Foods Online comes in. They are the one-stop supplier of everything Asian and vegetarian/vegan since 1990, offering many items that you’ve probably never thought they even existed. Have you tried vegan belacan? I get both the powder and block types from them to use in curries, sambal and stir fries. Also love their vegan abalone sauce, which is such an umami bomb that I just need to use a small spoonful each time. When I feel like making kway chap, I buy their seitan rolls (called vegan intestine but it’s just seitan shaped into rolls). The laksa paste and vegan Thai fish sauce are staples in my pantry. They also have Beyond and Omnimeat (the 1kg pack is good value for money). For your upcoming CNY reunion dinner/hotpot, they’ve even curated a CNY list, including Bak Kwa, hotpot bases, yu sheng sets and more. I enjoy shopping there as vegan items are prominently labelled on their online shop, ingredients are listed and their customer service is great. They also have walk-in warehouse located at Tagore Drive but it’s now currently suspended due to COVID-19, so do order online (free delivery above $60).

Staples in my pantry.

16. Souley Green

The first vegan online shop in Singapore, offering carefully curated and ethical groceries, household and lifestyle products from snacks to bedding to household cleaners. Since their launch in 2016, they have promised to only offer healthy, conscious and environmentally-friendly products. I’ve been shopping there since 2016 and they have always kept this promise while bringing in exciting new products often. My favourites are the Minor Figures Nitro Cold Brew Mocha, Nature’s Charm Sweetened Coconut Condensed Milk (perfect for teh tarik!), Gretel Sprouted Cashews Truffle Salt, Mia Chia Cashew Ginger Raw Bites and Chef’s Choice Vegan Pad Thai Sauce. One thing I’m eyeing from their shop is the Pockeat Food Bag  – a cute, foldable and waterproof food container for all your tabao needs. 

Psst: Teh tarik recipe in my book!

Now you can make Teh C at home.


An online sports shop with a few vending machines across the island that sells the best tasting vegan protein powder I’ve tried. The BioTechUSA Vegan Protein also dissolves well and isn’t chalky, lumpy or clumpy, making it easy to drink. I personally find the Forest Fruit and Banana flavours too sweet but I like Chocolate Cinnamon and Vanilla Cookie. You can also bake with them, I’ve made protein breads and cakes with various flavours (recipes here) and they turn out really delicious and moist. If you work out regularly, this is a good addition to your smoothies, smoothie bowls or just into your non-dairy milk. Use MORETHANVEGGIES for 10% discount on this at checkout on Crazybadman.

Protein Dark Chocolate Brownies. Recipes on their youtube.


I love shiitake mushrooms for its meaty texture and wonderful umami, and I know plenty of people who will agree. But have you tried shiitake chips as a snack? There are a few brands locally but Mushroom Kingdom’s chips are the best I’ve tried. It’s crispy, crunchy and way too addictive without being dry (the problem with other brands, in my opinion). The shiitakes are premium ones grown in Taiwan, and air-fried with RSPO certified palm oil. You can purchase on their online shop or via Shopee. Comes in 3 flavours: Original, Black Pepper and Honey Butter (contains dairy). 

So hard to resist eating the whole pack!

19. Simpliigood 

Spirulina is said to be a superfood, with 50x more iron than spinach at 95% bioavailability, while packed with all 9 amino acids that are essential for our bodies. At one point few years back, my mother was very into spirulina and bought a lot of tablet supplements. Not only those tasted bad and smelled weird, it was also difficult swallowing the large tablets. Simpliigood’s raw spirulina comes frozen in pods that you can just plop into your blender/food processor. If you taste the frozen pod directly, you’d get a slight ocean-y flavour. But once you add into smoothies/sauces/pesto, you can’t taste it at all. I’ve not had great success incorporating them into the type of Asian food that I make often and I don’t enjoy smoothies, but I’ve made spirulina pesto and dips with it and they were absolutely delicious. You can use code MORETHANVEGGIES for 10% discount at checkout on Simpliigood. 

Noodles tossed with homemade spirulina pesto and miso soup. Made it by simply blending Simpliigood spirulina with basil, mint, garlic and salt.

20. Bizsu.co 

This one’s for those who can’t live without carbs and want to incorporate superfoods into their diet (like me). Bizsu is a new startup founded in Singapore and they aim to help people and businesses be sustainable. They offer a selection of eco-friendly products and one of them is the spirulina pasta that comes in linguine, fusili or penne. Just 2 ingredients used, durum wheat and spirulina. Just one serving offers 10g protein! Tip: If you’re craving for healthy and protein packed ramen noodles, boil the linguine with salt and 1.5 tsp baking soda per serving. Then add into your soup base and top off with your favourite ramen toppings. This is a simple hack that turns pasta into bouncy ramen noodles!

Spirulina linguine with roasted tomato sauce and homegrown basil.

21. FUPI 

Here’s another snack that’s great for CNY – think zhai er but levelled up. Beancurd skin is a staple ingredient in Chinese cuisine. Frying them turns these thin sheets into a snack which can be seasoned in many ways. Fupi is the best beancurd skin snack I’ve tried. Everything including the flavour, crispiness and packaging, are well-designed and balanced. There are 2 flavours, Tomato Hotpot and Sichuan Mala. Both are equally flavourful in my opinion, it just depends on whether you like spicy or not. I’ve even sent the Sichuan Mala to my boyfriend in Japan and he loves topping his noodles with it. Available on Shopee or selected 7-elevens. 

Image: fupi.co

Stay Home: Islandwide Vegan Food and Grocery Delivery in Singapore (plus other updates)

How’s everyone doing? I haven’t been out of the house since last Saturday, just before the COVID circuit breaker (aka unofficial lockdown), when I went back office to take my things. Here’s a list of vegan food and grocery delivery in Singapore, so please stay at home as much as possible, so this crisis can be over. (Image: Mala Pizza with vegan cheese from Saute San)

Food delivery

During this crucial time, let’s support each other, especially small vegetarian/vegan eateries so they can continue to stay open. There may be discrepancies in this list as the situation keeps changing everyday. If unsure please call ahead to check if they are still open. All of these are likely to be on the usual delivery platforms like GrabFood, Foodpanda for cheaper but limited reach. If you know any more, please comment 🙂

Fully vegetarian/vegan places:

Non-veg places with good vegan options:

  • Bali Thai – Thai food
  • Grand Hyatt – Offers 2 plant-based options with Heura and Beyond Meat
  • Hans Im Gluck – Good vegan/veg burgers
  • Mahota – Healthy, uses Omnipork and Beyond in vegetarian dishes
  • PizzaExpress – Italian pizzas, some with a local twist. If vegan, indicate vegan cheese.
  • The Living Cafe – Health focused, Fusion cafe fare
  • The Peranakan – Peranakan cuisine, bento and starters

Grocery Delivery

Now it’s almost impossible to get delivery slots on Redmart, and we need to wait at least a week to receive from iHerb. Here are some local businesses we can turn to and support.

  • Green Circle Eco Farm – Organic veggies, herbs, fruits and more.
  • Everyday Vegan – 100% Vegan, offering veggies, noodles, snacks, chocolates, shoes, wallets, bags and more. Love their Kresho bar the most!
  • Greenies (Previously Vegetarian Online) – Dry foods, snacks, mock meats, ready to eat items.
  • Mushroom Kingdom – Specialises in anything mushroom, from cooking bundles with veggies to mushroom chips and even a growing kit.
  • Open taste – Can buy in bulk, also has tofu, tempeh, bread on top of fruits and veggies
  • Quanfa Organic – Local farm offering a variety of organic veggies, fruits and a small selection of others like noodles, plant milks and hand sanitisers.
  • Souley Green – 100% Vegan snacks, condiments, superfoods, personal care products. Love their coconut condensed milk the most!
  • Yes Natural – Healthy asian snacks, beverages, condiments and more, love their wide selection of noodles.
  • Vegetarian World Foods – Asian style mock meats, monkeyhead mushroom, meat alternatives (has Omnipork), finger foods, snacks, condiments (laksa and mee siam pastes) and more. Have purchased from them and love their customer service!
  • Crazy Badman – Protein powder and bars to refuel after your home workout.
  • Bubbly Petz – 100% Vegan pet care products and pet food.
  • Happy Cioccolato – First SG chocolate maker to incorporate TCM into handmade chocolates. If you can’t celebrate a special occasion in person, you can send some chocolates their way!

In other news…

I’m writing a recipe book on plant-based Asian favourites! In January a major publisher approached me after seeing the blog, of course I said yes. I really love writing and making recipes to share. Thank you everyone who supported this blog and anyway big or small. The submission deadline is 15 May 2020, which is pretty soon! Going all out to bring you a wonderful recipe book based on my principals that plant-based food should be accessible, familiar, comforting, satisfying and wholesome. Will be sharing more when I can, stay tuned!


Tempeh Bak Kwa – Updated Recipe + Channel 8 Feature

Hope everyone’s 2019 has been good so far! 2019 so far has given me some new opportunities and positive changes. I hope that things are finally looking up and all the hard work I did in 2018 will pay off. My closest friends will know that 2018 was tough in certain aspects. I really want to thank all the amazing friends that supported, listened and gave me advice – couldn’t have made it without you!

In late December 2018, I received an email from a Channel 8 producer, asking to feature my old tempeh bak kwa recipe on the Hello Singapore show. She had found the recipe on this blog as she was searching for one that is healthier and isn’t conventional meat bak kwa. As an introvert who isn’t comfortable being filmed or photographed (I really prefer being behind camera!), I struggled at first on whether to accept it. But this is a great chance for the masses to learn that our favourite traditional foods can also be made with plants. So I decided to step out of my comfort zone and put my discomfort aside.

It was a fun and interesting shoot with Youyi 有懿 thanks to Channel 8’s amazing crew! I was very nervous and awkward because it’s my first time being filmed. Everyone was very patient and nice during the shoot and wrapped everything up in the most professional manner I’ve ever seen on a set (I’ve worked on sets before as assistants). The show will be aired on Hello Singapore 狮城有约 on 28 Jan 2019, 7.15pm and will be available online on Toggle. Also really glad that the crew enjoyed the bak kwa (and tapao-ed everything back)!

you yi
You Yi and the crew were amazing and so professional!

Recipe is based on the one I posted 3 years ago, but simplified. Here’s the updated detailed recipe which is easier, slightly shorter with ingredients that are rather easy to find. I chose tempeh as the base protein as it’s a more digestible alternative to processed mock meat. Flaxseed powder is used as the binder, the other ingredients contribute to taste.

This is a slightly tricky recipe to make as temperature and time control is crucial, usually some pieces (especially those at the edges) will be burnt.

Tempeh Bak Kwa (makes 12-15 bite sized pieces):

For base:

  • 400g tempeh
  • ½ cup neutral flavour plant oil (don’t use olive or unrefined coconut)

For marinade:

  • 1 block of fermented red beancurd
  • 2 tbsp ground flaxseed powder (for binding, cannot omit, found in organic section in NTUC)
  • 1/2 cup water
  • 1 tbsp red rice yeast (optional, for colour, from TCM shops)
  • 90g raw sugar (or use regular sugar)
  • 1 tbsp light soy sauce
  • 1 tbsp dark soy sauce
  • ½ tbsp rice wine (optional)
  • 1 tbsp maltose (can be bought from Chinese goods shops in market)
  • 2 tbsp sesame oil
  • ½ tsp of each: five-spice powder, ginger powder, chilli powder, white pepper powder, black pepper
  • 1 tsp liquid smoke (optional but highly recommended, can be found in bigger Cold Storage outlets)
  • 1/2 tbsp white miso (optional, improves umami)
  • 1 tsp marmite (optional, improves umami)

For glaze:

  • 1 tbsp maltose
  • 1tbsp water/red water (see step 2)
  1. Steam tempeh for 5-10mins and let cool. In a food processor, blend with the oil to a thick, smooth paste. This step is important in removing the fermented taste from tempeh.
  2. Mix or boil 1/2 cup hot water and red rice yeast in a bowl. The water will be reddish, strain and let cool.
  3. Add all marinade ingredients into food processor on top of blended tempeh and oil. Blend till combined and well mixed.
  4. Transfer paste to a bowl. Cover bowl and leave overnight in fridge, or for at least 6 hours.
  5. Preheat oven to 180C. Spread paste on baking paper on a large baking tray. Spread out the paste with spatula to about 0.3 cm thick. Sides will be thinner so gently push back the sides to minimise burning while baking.
  6. Bake in oven for ~25 mins till paste is dry to touch and able to lift slightly in one piece. Remove from oven. 
  7. Let the paste cool slightly before cutting. Meanwhile, increase oven temperature to 230C. Mix 1 tbsp maltose with 1 tbsp red water to make the glaze.
  8. Using a pizza cutter, cut into bite sized pieces. Brush one side with glaze.
  9. Bake for 7-10mins then remove tray from oven, flip each slice over and glaze the other side. Return to oven and grill for 5 mins or until sides are slightly charred. Watch the oven carefully here, at this point it burns easily!
  10. Remove and let cool, minimize touching when hot, as it breaks easily. The slices will harden when cooled. Brush with the remaining glaze (optional, it will look shinier) Can be kept in airtight container in fridge for up to 1-2 weeks.

Due to time constraints and the amount of labour needed to make this, I won’t be able to sell them. If you want good vegan bak kwa, I can recommend the one from Yes Natural brand. 🙂

Thank you for reading my posts as always! This happened because of your amazing support. I hope to continue producing good, plant-based content to help fellow Asians who want to eat healthier/vegan. Due to my new responsibilities, the posts may not be as frequent as they were in 2018 but I will keep them coming 🙂

PS: On a side note, I made a short travel film of my Japan trip here. Enjoy!

YouTube Channel Launch – Kueh Bahulu Recipe Video

Happy New Year!

A new year, a new beginning! 2018 marks the start of my first ever YouTube channel. In 2016 some friends had already suggested YouTube since I’m trained in video and animation. But I was so occupied with work at a design studio that I didn’t have much free time. It was only when I started freelancing in 2017 (even though the workload is the same), I had the flexibility to take on new personal projects.

Hope to bring more engaging content to anyone interested in healthier foods, as I know people generally like viewing than reading. Many recipes also require techniques that are best shown visually. Please like, subscribe and enable notifications to my channel to be notified when new videos are out. Currently planning to release one video per month, that’s the best I can do as I need to prioritise my clients’ works, but the wait will be worth it! I’ll still have regular 2-3 times monthly blog posts here, so don’t worry, I won’t be leaving here 🙂

In some Southeast Asian countries, kueh (or kuih) is a generic Malay (or Bahasa) word for snack, usually referring to traditional snacks made with wheat or rice flour, coconut, tapioca, sticky rice and pandan.

Kueh bahulu is a bite-sized sponge cake quite similar to French madeleines but with much simpler ingredients, in fact it’s been called the Asian madeleine by some. It was chosen to be the first video recipe as this snack is close to every Singaporean’s heart. I’ve never seen an eggless recipe for it yet. It’s something that every neighbourhood bakery has, packed in small plastic bags, usually sold for a dollar or two. Also a regular sight at Malay or Chinese familys’ snack tables during Hari Raya or Chinese New Year. If you don’t take eggs for whatever reason, you won’t miss out on the nostalgia with this recipe. Here I used aquafaba (chickpea water) to replace the eggs and tweaked the traditional recipe to maximise rising. Since there’s a limit to the degree of fluffiness achievable with aquafaba, it’s not as airy as the egg ones. Still it’s a soft, slightly chewy and delightful snack reminiscent of childhood.

Kueh Bahulu (makes 18-22 depends on mould)

  • 90g plain flour
  • 1/2 tsp baking powder
  • 1/2 tsp baking soda
  • 90g raw sugar
  • Aquafaba from 1 can of chickpeas
  • 1/2 tsp vanilla essence/paste
  • 1/2 tsp apple cider vinegar
  • 1 tbsp neutral flavoured oil


  1. Preheat oven to 180C/355F.
  2. Grease and flour your mould(s). If you’re using the traditional aluminium one, preheat it in oven for about 20mins after greasing, then flour it after removing from oven.
  3. Put flour and sugar into metal pans and place in oven. This is to remove moisture so it keeps longer.
  4. Using an electric mixer, whip aquafaba and vinegar in a large bowl till soft to stiff peaks. Took me about 15mins on high speed.
  5. Remove flour and sugar from oven.
  6. Add 1/3 of the sugar into the whipped aquafaba, and whip at medium speed till just combined.
  7. Repeat till all sugar is used up. Beat till mixture ribbons, about 10-15mins on high speed.
  8. Add oil, vanilla and mix on low for few seconds till you see no more patches of both.
  9. Sieve the heated flour into the mixture 1/3 at a time. Using a whisk, mix till just combined.
  10. Repeat till all flour is used up. Do not over mix.
  11. Pour batter into your mould(s). Tap the moulds lightly few times to remove air bubbles. Bake for 15mins or till golden brown, rotating the pan at around 8mins.
  12. Repeat till all batter is used up. If you’re using the same mould, you will need to grease and flour again before pouring the batter.
  13. Let kueh cool in mould for about 5mins or until it is easy to remove, then use toothpick to release it. Let cool on a rack completely before storing.


  • Use a non-stick metal mould instead, the traditional aluminium one sticks too easily and is very hard to clean :/
  • Don’t keep sugar in the oven too long as it’ll melt. About 10-15mins of heating on fan mode is good enough.
  • Bake longer for more crisp and brown exterior.
  • Keeps well in fridge for 1week, not recommended to keep at room temperature (in the tropics) for more than 2 days.
  • The kueh will harden in the fridge, best to toast it lightly for few mins before eating.

If you enjoyed the video, please like, share and subscribe for more! Thank you SO MUCH for your support over the past years! I’m really excited to bring more varied recipes to different platforms, hope to show more people the beauty of vegan food! May your 2018 be full of blessings, health and happiness.


Dark Chocolate Brownies

This is not only a recipe post, but a message to all girls.

Some girls have the habit of rejecting dessert, counting calories to a T, avoiding certain whole foods like coconut, nuts or avocados for the sole goal of “I don’t want to look fat.” What I find even more disturbing is the number of slim girl friends saying that they are “fat”, and the increasing number of eating disorders among young girls in recent years.

Firstly I’d like to question, with my usual frankness that’s notorious among my friends:

  • Why do you want to avoid being “fat”?
  • Is being bigger than “normal size” a bad thing?
  • Do you think there even should be a “normal size”?
  • Are you truly happy counting calories everyday?

My take on this is very simple:

  • Humans have survived millions of years thanks to genetic diversity. A smaller body that lived in a warm climate would not have survived well in a winter climate compared to a larger body. A larger body could be better at intimidating away predators than a smaller one.
  • Fast forward to modern times, body size was suddenly assigned positive or negative values purely based on appearance.
  • In most developed countries, anything that jiggles is bad. In some developing places, like my family’s hometown in North China, a bigger body = richer pocket = promises financial security (for men) and in good health to bear children (for women).
  • Your body is a result of the complex and practical evolutionary story – there’s no good and bad to your size. Diversity is to be celebrated and there should not be a “normal size” as a benchmark to judge yourself against.

Whole foods that contain good fats like nuts, seeds, avocados etc, are incredibly good for us when taken in suitable amounts. As long as you’re eating whole foods roughly 80% of the time, moving regularly and getting enough rest, I believe our bodies are smart enough to regulate our metabolism well.

For the other 20% of the time, enjoy your favourite coconut-rich curry cooked by grandma, don’t say no to the piece of cake at a party and indulge in those pineapple tarts when they come once a year.


Life’s too short to reject a bite of fudgy, moist brownies, especially if they are egg-free, dairy-free,  hydrogenated oils-free and refined sugar-free. Here’s my favourite chocolate brownie recipe. Treat yourself well!


Vegan dark chocolate brownies

Dry ingredients:

  • 2 cups flour, sieved (If you want to use whole wheat, reduce the amount of flour and increase the amount of non-dairy milk.)
  • ¾ cup cocoa powder
  • 1 tsp baking powder
  • ½ tsp salt
  • ½ tsp cinnamon powder

Preheat oven to 200C. Mix all together into a large bowl, make a hole in the centre and leave aside.

Wet ingredients:

  • 1 cup raw sugar
  • ¼ cup molasses
  • 1 cup plant oil (I used grapeseed oil, avoid using strong flavoured ones like olive or coconut.)
  • 1 tbsp black coffee
  • 1 tsp vanilla extract/paste
  • 1 and ¼ cup unsweetened non-dairy milk (I used coconut milk.)
  • 15g – 20g dark chocolate (at least 70%. More or less is fine, depending on preference)
  • ½ cup vegan chocolate chips (I used Enjoy Life, for cheaper but lower quality chips, go for the dark chocolate chips at Phoon Huat)

Melt the dark chocolate in the non-dairy milk over low heat. Whisk sugar, molasses and oil together in a medium bowl until combined. Add coffee, vanilla, non-dairy milk and chocolate mixture and mix till a smooth paste.

Pour wet mixture into dry mix. Using a spatula, mix until just combined then add chocolate chips. Sprinkle some chocolate chips onto the surface. Line a pan with baking paper. Pour mixture into pan and use spatula to flatten it out evenly. Bake for 15 – 20 mins, until a fork inserted into the centre comes out clean. Remove, let cool in pan for 1 minute before transferring onto rack. Cool completely before cutting. Note: a longer baking time will result in a crumblier brownie, a shorter time makes a fudgy brownie.






If fitting into society’s skewed ideas of beauty is making you unhappy, re-evaluate your goals. Pursue physical and mental health rather than a weight. A strong body and mind can do much more than just getting the look you wanted. Don’t gauge your worth on how you look, but how you feel.

This message from me was inspired by my friend Allison from New York. Allison has a brand inspired by China’s strong women, called 女汉子 pronounced as Nü3 Han4 Zi4 in Chinese. Although frowned upon especially by guys, I identify as a Nühanzi as I grew up among strong women. My grandmother fought for her right to enroll in university while her father wanted her to stay on the farm to raise pigs. My aunt overcame domestic abuse and is now running a business in China. My mother mocked for her poor English when we just arrived in Singapore and used that as the driving force to successfully climb up the corporate ladder. She has never cushioned her opinions and I got my frankness from her. To the guys that criticised me for being too direct, sorry not sorry, it just runs in the family!


Imagine how thrilled I was to receive Nühanzi’s tops (now my Muay Thai class’ go-to tank) and necklaces! Some proceeds from her necklace will go to the MoreThanMe organisation, helping to build all-girls, tuition free schools in Liberia. Check them out and support a good cause for all girls.

EarthFest 2015

Today at Singapore’s first festival dedicated to sustainability, EarthFest! The brainchild of my friend Mike – check out his free recipes ebook! Really heartened to see a prominent city space dedicated to promoting conscious living plus environmental awareness on anything from upcycling to palm oil…with a backdrop of music, markets and a puppy adoption drive.

Some of the vendors from left to right sequence –

1) Team V, a running group full of herbivores actively participates in local marathons. One of their members, Rameshon, is a champion and record holder.

2) Singapore-Australian based vegan author, bodybuilder, personal trainer Luke Tan sending out good vibes!

3) The Dorsal Effect selling cute shirts and campaigns for shark conservation, not by screaming ‘boycott shark’s fin!!’ but providing shark fishermen with alternative livelihoods.

4) Natural skincare from Handmade Heroes – i love their lip tint!

5) Organic nom-able plants locally-grown by Fire Flies Health Farm.

6) Coconut ice cream from Brownice – made from brown rice milk. Yes, amazing right?

7) NONG by Edible Gardens helps people to grown their own food in land-scarce Singapore. Went to their workshop once and my fingers did get greener!

8) The Hunter’s Kitchenette handcrafted nut butters are a feast for the eyes too – good typography!

9) Drool-worthy handmade mooncakes from Delcie’s, the healthiest bakery in Singapore.

10) Bubbly Petz, pet supplies shop and grooming with a big conscience for all animals, humans and Mother Earth. Check out their pet grooming workshops too! (Photo from co-owner Shimin.)

I missed out on most of the savoury food as they were grabbed out by noon, gosh! You can visit the EarthFest site and see how sustainable, plant-based lifestyle movement is blossoming with new brands and initiatives adding to the scene’s vibrancy.

How to Be a Herbivore in Singapore Part 7 – Facing Challenges & Getting Support From The Community


(Volunteers of AASG. Thanks Mike for the photo!)

Previous: 01 why vegan . 02 nutrition . 03 cooking . 04 groceries . 05 social eating . 06 eating at hawker centres

From my 23 years of being veg*n, I’ve met more genuinely curious people instead of condescending ones. However, do be prepared to be scrutinized, judged and ridiculed by (hopefully) the minority. Who would’ve thought by choosing not to eat certain things will invite so much uncalled-for reactions? New veg*ns, or anyone interested – be prepared, as these can make or break your goals.

The challenges we face can be categorised into 2 types – food and people. Despite popular assumptions, it’s not the food but the people around us who make the most barriers.


Food-related challenges:

“But I can’t give up____(insert animal product here)”

That’s okay! Simply start by eliminating those you can drop first. If my veggie-hating friend Lisha can do it, so can you. Here’s her story:

Initially, I craved meat, eggs, dairy since that was largely part of my diet. Before allowing myself to have any of that, I would first eat something vegan, like rice and beans, fruits, a burrito etc. I would only allow myself to eat non-vegan foods after I was done having a good sized vegan meal. Almost every single time, I did not crave anything else after eating it. Once you are nourished and filled, your cravings for what you normally desire (meat, dairy and eggs) will decrease.

On the rare occasion when I did crave for animal products after eating, I would eat it mindfully. This means, no distractions – just me and my food. I would savor it, noticing aromas, different flavours of the various components and texture.  I would also observe how I felt throughout the meal in a non-judgmental manner (feelings of guilt etc). During this whole process, I was fully aware of where the food came from (be it a suffering cow, or slave labor in the seafood industry). These helped form my conscious and ethical eating habits, which lead to conscious and ethical living.

Be grounded in your reasons. Self-reminders are a powerful way to change taste buds.

When you start to reduce something you greatly enjoyed, having cravings are perfectly normal. Food cravings are actually your body indicating a lack of certain nutrients? Next time when sugar cravings hit, grab some medjool dates instead of candy. Your body will thank you!

This was also how I weaned off junk food addiction. I found same levels of enjoyment and higher levels of health benefits by snacking on coconut chips, dark chocolate, chestnuts, dates instead of Kit Kats and Skittles which made me feel sick after a temporary high.

To make transition easier, quality mock meats are great. Some really do taste exactly like their meat counterparts! Before criticizing the role of mock meats in a vegan diet, keep in mind that some people need them for transition or whatever reasons to help them stay veg*n. I enjoy eating them occasionally since they can a tasty, convenient option.

Gokul and Eight Treasures is highly recommended as a great place for mock meat dishes (they label vegan/dairy clearly, I really enjoy Gokul’s murtabak). Loving Hut has an excellent beef rendang and a burger with vegan egg. NomVNom has yummy meaty soy patties and Veganburg’s got delicious sausages.

For packaged mock meats, imported Western brands are pricier and usually tastier, Chinese ones are cheaper but not all are tasty. You have to do trial and error to find what you like. Fry’s Braai sausages (Cold Storage & Redmart) have been highly recommended by some friends. Quorn is now retailing at NTUC. Go for established brands with nice packaging and watch out for dairy and egg in the ingredients.

If you like healthier meaty flavours, many plant-based whole foods can be creatively made into juicy meaty textures. Like various mushrooms, coconut, green jackfruit, tofu, tempeh and seitan etc. (Click on the links for recipes!)


(Char-siu style tempeh from my recipes archive.)

Many of Singapore’s favourite local foods are meat-based – laksa, chicken rice, bak kut teh etc. If you find it hard to “give up” those, rest assured that good vegan versions are available. Hungry Ang Mo has recommendations of excellent local fare.

 “I tried and felt so tired and hungry!”

One big reason people quit being veg*n is that they aren’t equipped with the right nutritional knowledge. Instead of labelling vegetarianism/veganism as a terrible idea, why not ask, “Am I eating well?” Being veg*n DOES NOT mean replacing animal protein with tofu and mock meats. You WILL NOT get enough nutrients by eating only those for protein! To reap maximum health benefits, eat a variety of minimally processed whole foods. Expand your taste buds by trying new foods, finding new ways to cook/eat them and arm yourself with scientifically-verified knowledge of plant-based nutrition. You can start by reading my previous guide on nutrition.


(If these steriod-free bodybuilders can thrive on plants, so can you! Thanks Luke Tan for the photo.)

“But vegetables taste bad! I hate veggies so I can never go veg*n. ”

Firstly, vegetables makes up about 20% of the plant-based diet. Rice is a grain, almonds are nuts, chickpeas are legumes, mango is a fruit and mushrooms are not even classified as plants. The idea that veg*ns only eat veggies needs to go!

Secondly, a higher level of skill is required to coax out flavours of plants, that’s why sometimes dishes in certain eateries don’t taste amazing or need lots of MSG and oil. Having eaten one bad vegan dish doesn’t mean all foods in the veganiverse are terrible.

Veggie-hating vegan Lisha, founder of Singapore’s first vegan creamery Peace of Cheese, shares these tips:

  • It’s fine to be vegan without having vegetables, as you can get nutrients in other ways (e.g, pulse sesame seeds into a powder, sprinkle it on peanut butter spread on bread, and pair with orange juice for iron.) Nonetheless we still should try to incorporate them into our diets.
  • Be open to trying new things. If you’ve never tried a certain type of vegetable before, try it! Only when I turned vegan, did I try whole tomatoes in burgers and on pizzas.. and I loved it! If you hated a certain vegetable when you were younger, try it again! If everyone else hates a certain thing, don’t be so quick to assume that you will.
  • Identify what it is you don’t like about vegetables. Is it the taste or texture? We all love vegetables one way or another. After all, meat is marinated with herbs, spices and vegetables. I don’t like the bitter taste of some vegetables and the texture of almost all. I usually have them minced, processed or blended. If it’s the bitterness that you don’t like, try blanching the veggies for a few minutes. Another tip to help with flavour is to start with finely chopped onion and garlic with lots of spices and herbs for taste.
  • Try preparing veggies in different ways. Kale does not taste nice raw or stir fried, but baked in an oven they become crisp and crunchy snacks. I don’t like any mushrooms, except in soups or when they are chopped finely. Also try combining vegetables together. You may not like leek on it’s own, but leek and potatoes are amazing. Lastly, try blending some spinach leaves in your fruit smoothie and you can get greens without tasting grass.
  • Accept that you can’t love them all. It is okay to blacklist certain vegetables. Even the
    most avid vegetable lover will hate some vegetables, and love some more than the other. (Me: True, I hate kale!)
  • Join a potluck in the community. Such is a great way to experiment and test lots of different foods at one shot!
  • Get excited about recipes. This is a vegan recipe page that makes me drool!

“So hard being vegan in Singapore compared to _____ (insert Western country).”

Yes and no. For vegan alternatives foods like non-dairy yogurts, cheeses and ice creams, they are imported chilled and hence too expensive for an average middle class to eat daily. In the West there is more access to meat and dairy alternatives. Demand for such foods in Singapore are not as high as countries like Germany, so it is unrealistic to expect equal levels of convenience and price. Good news is that major retailers are catching up. In recent years there has been a great increase in the non-dairy milk varieties in supermarkets and even Mustafa decided to stock the cheapest vegan cheeses on the island after feedback from the community. Hence, look forward to more vegan processed foods on the shelves!


(Vegan cheese section at Mustafa. Yes, Mustafa!)

Otherwise, majority of vegan food is NOT expensive. Grains, legumes and seeds based foods are cheaper per calorie than meat and fish while meeting nutritional needs with zero cholesterol. Various vegan meals can be bought in most hawker centres and food courts for under $5. Many traditional snacks and desserts are vegan as coconut milk and agar agar is used instead of cow’s milk and gelatine. Thanks to racial and cultural diversity, we have an astounding amount of cuisines to choose from and tons of ingredients to play with. Oh, and cheap tropical fruits!


People-related challenges:

Be familiar with the psychology of defense mechanisms. Plenty of vegan literature has linked it to the crazy reactions we get after casually mentioning our dietary preferences. This reaction can be experience by any group of people in general, not only vegans.


(Replace “smoke” with “bacon”. Source: Vegan Sidekick)

Simply put, people are fundamentally good at heart. When they see others trying hard to do good, a mirror of self-evaluation pops up in the depths of their psych. I’ve noticed that two reactions can occur:

  • The inspiration and desire to learn, listen and take positive action.
  • A feeling of anxiety and guilt that they themselves are not doing as good or as much as others.

Unfortunately the loud minority is the latter. Many people don’t have the strength to face facts or make effort to change. Therefore they exhibit the 15 behaviours of defense mechanisms to protect their ego, hide their guilt and to look stronger or feel better. All the negative reactions we face basically stem from this normal, unconscious, primitive human instinct to protect the sense of self. So don’t feel bad when facing such remarks!

Be prepared to meet these types of people after “coming out”.

Type 1: The Judge – Jumps to conclusions based on your race, body size, gender and economic status. You’re Chinese, means you must be a Buddhist because in their understanding no one in the right mind forsakes tasty meat without religious obligation. You’re overweight, so you’re on a fad diet. You’re underweight so you must definitely be malnourished. You’re a male veg*n, so you’re less manly and attractive. You’re vegan, means you must be rich to enjoy organic kale and quinoa salad daily. And the ridiculous list goes on. They fail to appreciate people as complex and diverse individuals. Sometimes, it’s the defense mechanism of rationalization. “This person can do it/want to do it because they have the resources/reasons, while I can’t/need not do so.”

How to face them:

1) Show, not tell

If you enjoy yummy food regularly, why not express it? Show the possibilities (laksa, pizza, ice cream and cake etc with 0 cholesterol?).

  • Social media is a powerful way to show the abundance and positivity of veganism – it is simply great food enjoyed with great friends!
  • Pack your own lunch to school/work if there’s no vegan food near you. When having these lunches with colleagues, they’ll be curious to what you are eating and thus opens the topic. If you’re a good cook/baker, share generously with people by offering to bake or make food for a birthday/event.
  • If you can’t cook, bring people to try great veg*n places to eat – and there are plenty to choose in Singapore!
  • Eat as wholesome as possible. Once people see that you’ve gotten healthier, stronger and happier, they’ll be naturally convinced.
  • Share positive content about veganism. It can be anything, like “Vegans are increasing in population” and “McDonald’s got a new vegan option!”. This shows that it is a positive lifestyle and thus piques people’s curiosity.

I understand as new vegans, emotions of anger and frustrations can overwhelm. Keep in mind that telling people to “go vegan!” or “stop eating meat, it’s bad!” can cause most to activate defence mechanisms and close their minds. Instead, embody the message in your daily actions and speech. I personally prefer engaging in a discussion and sharing only if the other party is truly open. If not, I know that I have left a seed of impression and they may find it when their time comes. Compassion and non-violence applies to people, including you too – strive to be the kindest, most giving and positive version of yourself.

2) Good nature and humor

Humor is mostly always a good idea. Giving people a surprise chuckle or laugh adds a plus to their impression of you, and vegans in general. Also, it can lighten the mood and open the topic for discussion.

(“Where do you get your protein?” “From the bodies of people who ask me this question.”  Picture source: Vegan Sidekick)

When someone provokes you, the bigger your reaction the more satisfied they feel. So take their comments lightly, stand your ground and don’t be affected. My default answer to people who say “I only like meat and hate veggies.” is “Good, more plants for me then!”.

Type 2: The Mr/Ms All-Of-You-Are-The-Same

“Vegans are all:

1) Skinny and tired all the time because of lack of protein.

2) Arrogant, shoving their beliefs down people’s throats.

3) Hipsters who think they are better than everyone else.”

(Refer to this, this and this case for examples of differing media reports on vegans. Source: Vegan Sidekick)

I’ve had this remark many times said in front of me, sometimes by people who don’t know that I’m one! This may be misunderstandings about nutrition, negative media portrayals and simply guilt reflex. Yes, some vegans may be militant and negative, but just like in every group of people there are bad apples.

How to face them:

  • Be your genuine self. Then people around you will realise that vegans can be nice, polite and.. just normal people.
  • Share positive news and content about veganism. But don’t keep sharing and talking about only veganism. Work on your own interests and celebrate them just as much.
  • I strongly believe that a happy vegan is more convincing than an angry one. Strive to be someone who spreads positive and uplifting vibes not one who judges others for eating differently.

Type 3: The Nutritionist/Philosopher

As someone who believes that all beliefs can and should be questioned, I actually appreciate such ‘Philosophers” and “Nutritionists”. They can see veganism as beyond a diet and in the contexts of morality, evolution, religion etc. Engaging in a discussion with them can be mind-opening and rewarding for both parties – if done with a respectful attitude. Problem is, some base their arguments on not very substantial research – or maybe even from a single Buzzfeed video.

How to face them, by questioning:

  • Who funded the research? What purpose does the sponsor have by publishing the research?
  • Was it taken out of context? Ask to see the full article/source to fully understand the context. One example is a recent study that found some vegetarians may have better omega-3 conversion. Some media twisted the findings into concluding that vegetarians have higher cancer risk which the researcher dismissed it as misrepresentation.
  • Is the article cited with links to sources and preferably backed by references and bibliographies?
  • What do the critiques of the book/article say?
  • For arguments based on poor facts, simply point them to the right resources and literature, if they are open to it that is 🙂

Type 4: The Clown

Basically, they make remarks with little intellectual basis. I’ve heard plain silly and sexist ones like (besides everyone’s favourite desert island),

“I hate animals therefore I eat them, you must really hate plants.” (Eating animals requires more plants than just eating plants.)

”You can smoke right? It’s a plant!”  (That’s missing the big picture.)

“If you care about animals then roaches should have rights too.”(Seeing how they are going to be milked, yes they should.)

Eye rolls aside, from a purely psychological point of view, they might have exhausted all means of logical arguments. They are desperate to find fault in your beliefs with non-intellectual insults to trip you emotionally.

Type 5: How to face them:

1) Humour them

A little sarcasm helps to flip the logic the other way, and maybe they will see it!

“Plants have feelings.”

“I appreciate you being a plant activist. So do you avoid fries?” (Thank you Erin!)

“I can never eat veggies, I’m a carnivore.”

“Wow, I’ve never met a carnivore before! Do you order chicken rice without the rice since you don’t eat plants? Where do you get vitamins and fibre? Don’t you get constipated often without fibre?”

“I can never be a carnivore like you; I love durian too much to give them up!”

“I bet you’re gonna kill animals to eat in a desert island.”

“How are the animals alive then?” (A cookie for you if you get it!)

2)   Do not engage. Smile, laugh and walk away. Sometimes, there’s no point feeding the troll.

Type 5: The Ex

People who tried dating veganism and it didn’t work out. Maybe they didn’t eat right and felt worse, can’t give up a certain taste, couldn’t find support, faced inconveniences and huge peer pressure. These people don’t need to be scolded for “not trying hard enough”, but they need support and encouragement! I appreciate people who at least gave it a go. Problem is, some blame the lifestyle for their pitfalls instead of finding solutions and spread that “Veganism is terrible, I lived on vegetables and rice for a week and got sick!”

How to help them:

  • Congratulate them for trying, as most can’t bear to live without animal products for even a day.
  • Secondly, try to understand what went wrong and help him/her solve it.
  • Lastly, encourage and show that you’re also on the same journey! “Hey I’ve been wanting to try this vegan place, heard they’re great, let’s go?”

Type 6: The Authoritarian Parents

For many young new veg*ns, this is one huge barrier. In our somewhat still traditional society, disagreeing with parents or figures of authority in the family is usually a huge no. More conservative families have a “I know what’s best for you so listen to me” reasoning no matter how much scientific facts are presented. It’s understandable as it’s a reaction from a usually respected ego being questioned and the sense of losing control over their child. Since we mostly have to wait till marriage to move out, the pressure and negativity from people who are supposed to love and support us can be unbearable.

How to face them:

Here are tips from my friends Amanda and Goat Man (not a real name obviously, he’s shy), 2 young vegans who went through huge resistances from family.

From Goat Man:

My family is vegetarian so food-wise isn’t that hard. But I had debates with them. My dad still doesn’t support me. They get angry when I turn down their offer of dairy food. I didn’t announce that I am vegan immediately as that will really surprise my parents and provoke a greater reaction/resistance. Until they realised I’m not eating eggs and milk, they were surprised and we had a protein debate. They still aren’t convinced that we don’t need eggs and milk for protein. Until now, they are still telling me I should drink milk just because it’s not against our religious beliefs. I learned a lot about all the sort of ways how others argue against veganism from vegans and meat eaters debate groups (warning: trolls, but this is the reality of humanity). That helps to mentally prepare against such onslaughts. I guess it’s better to try to convince them using logic, doing it in a loving and calm manner. My mom noticed I became healthier as a vegan, so she started supporting me and even buys me vegan mock meats. It’s good to cook them some vegan food to try and just be yourself, really. They’ll notice a positive change in you and might be interested in trying vegan too.

From Amanda:

When you’re out with your family and can’t order your own food, pick out the plants from the meat dishes if there is really nothing else for you to eat. (This was what I did back then but nowadays it’s so much easier because there are vegan options almost everywhere.) Don’t get angry or upset at what they say to you. If you get into an argument, always stay calm. If they want to know, use Internet resources to show them what you mean if you can’t explain or prove a point. Take things slowly, if you can’t be a vegan immediately, being vegetarian is good enough. One step at a time, there is no rush especially if the situation is not favourable. Some may tell you being vegetarian is not good enough but it actually really is good enough in certain situations! You cannot “make” anyone vegan or agree with you. But you can influence them, by being happy and healthy, sharing delicious food photos and recipes! People will only accept when they want to open their minds and hearts.

You can be armed with all right facts, but I believe that’s not enough. If you act like a condescending jerk, no one will listen and probably end up hating all vegans. Like my friends mentioned above, positivity is the best way to influence! Understanding how people think and feel is very important too.

Here’s some resources to help you:


Feeling like an outcast? 

(Fellow vegans at one of the many potluck parties. Source: Animal Allies)

Luckily, the Singapore vegan community is tight knit and active. We have monthly events in the form of potlucks, outreach, screenings, meetings and dining sessions. It can be very daunting to change your lifestyle, but you don’t have to do it alone or all at once.

Meet us here – 

Whatsapp groups – message the numbers to be added:

  1. SG Veg Muslims (9386 6243)
  2. VegPride (LGBTQ vegans – 9731 4600)
  3. Vegan Families (raising vegan kids – 9731 4600)
  4. Vegan SG (vegans – 9731 4600)
  5. PlantForward (for non-vegans interested in trying a vegan lifestyle – 9138 1632)
  6. Team V (plant-based athletes – 9731 4600)
  7. SG Veg Chat Group (veg*ns, warning: lots of messages – 9829 6394)
  8. SGvegan Makan Kakis (for anyone that wants to try out vegan food together with like-minded folks, link to join here.)

Social media groups:

Volunteer & participate in activities, outreach and makan sessions:

  • Animal Allies Singapore – An outreach group that inspires people to make more compassionate, healthy and sustainable choices in Singapore.
  • Vegetarian Society Singapore – Singapore’s oldest non-profit and non-religious charity and organisation promoting a plant-based living.
  • Team V runners – Vegan/vegetarian marathoners and athletes who train regularly together. Interested veg*n (vegetarian/vegan) athletes can contact Team V admin at 97213547 to be added.
  • For all major vegetarian/vegan related upcoming events (updated monthly), visit http://animalallies.sg/events/

(Volunteers from Animal Allies Singapore at PinkDot 2016. Source: Consider Veganism SG.) 


The V Label

Be ready to be introduced to new people by omnivores as “The Vegan”, as if what you eat is the only interesting thing about you. You are as much of a complex individual as everyone else and certainly more than the V label.

Never take negative comments personally. Remember the defense mechanism – it’s not your fault that some people have fragile egos. And don’t be a militant vegan, don’t forget that we weren’t born vegan. You may often feel like “me against the whole world” feeling, but you’re never alone. New veg*ns, welcome to the community! I look forward in meeting you in our foodie gatherings. Thank you for reading my series and I hope they help you in your journey.

Chinese New Year small steamboat gathering, 2017.

How to Be a Herbivore in Singapore Part 6 – Eating at Hawker Centres


(Jia Xiang Wei Vegetarian from Circuit Road food centre. Thanks Bernard for the photo!)

Previous: 01 why vegan . 02 nutrition . 03 cooking . 04 groceries . 05 social eating. Next: 07 challenges and support

Eating is a national pastime and hawker centres are the backbone of Singapore’s food scene. These down-to-earth, bustling places reflect various facets of the common person’s daily life – using 4 languages and dialects to order, kiasuness exhibited with tissue paper and an immense love for value and quality shown by willingly queuing for hours. This post is a continuation from the previous on how to eat out specifically in hawker centres and food courts as a vegan.

The selling points of these places are the food and value, not service. Asking or requesting a lot can get the poor aunties/uncles impatient, which is totally understandable as hawker work is very demanding. Thus one needs to be acquainted with the local food culture for a rich hawker experience while avoiding hidden surprises! Foreign friends will find names of dishes and ingredients mentioned here unfamiliar so I have linked them to photos or articles for more information. Click on the names to see how they look like! If you meet Chinese servers who can’t speak English, this English-Chinese language guide may help.

Photo 23-7-16, 8 49 22 AM (1)

(Braised vegan duck rice, chicken rice, kway chap and economic bee hoon from 216 Bedok North. Each dish is under $5!)


The mock meats culture

Most of Singapore’s vegetarian hawker food stalls are usually run by Chinese religious vegetarians. Since ancient times when these religions existed, followers believe in the karmic benefits of promoting a vegetarian lifestyle – some even dedicating their whole life to this goal. One of their approaches is to encourage omnivores to eat more vegetarian food by trying to replicate the dishes they are used to. Since not all followers are born into a religious family and many converted after some years of non-belief, mock meats are used to make transitioning into a vegetarian diet easier for them. Current older generations of vegetarians are still firm believers of mock meats as a main food group, which has good and bad implications on vegan food in general.

Before mock meats, tofu and minimally processed seitan (aka 面筋 ) together with “ meaty” plants like mushrooms and bamboo shoots played this role. The widespread use of mock meats in East Asian meatless cuisines started in modern times due to more advanced food manufacturing methods, as a way to create convenient and easy to use meat alternatives. Thus, they became ingrained and are now a staple in East Asian vegetarian cuisines. I believe criticisms about mock meats being unnecessary and ironic in veg*n food shows the lack of awareness of the religious and practical roles behind it in an Asian context.

From a nutritional standpoint, most mock meats are unhealthy and should not be a main source of protein. Cheap mock meats often taste bad and might have dairy and/or egg ingredients as a low-cost binding agents. The ones that tastes good are pricey. Legumes, grains, nuts, seeds, tofu and tempeh have higher protein and are packed with much more nutrients. Plenty of plants like mushrooms, green jackfruit, bamboo shoots, etc can be cooked to juicy, umami and meaty flavours. In recent years, I’ve noticed a shift in the veg*n community to prefer more plant-based forms of protein and meaty flavours. I hope vegetarian stalls can pick up this trend and offer more wholefood options instead of highly processed soy or gluten. Still, quality mock meats are a great transition food for new veg*ns and also can be a tasty convenience food.


Ordering at vegetarian hawker stalls

There’s one in most hawker centres/food courts due to the prevalence of religious vegetarians here. They usually have a selection of economic rice dishes (cai fan) and cooked-on-the-spot dishes (daily specials and/or zi char). Eggs and dairy are sometimes used and the level of healthiness of food from different stalls can range from colourful to 50 shades of brown (heavy on mock meat and deep-fried foods).

If you are allergic to MSG, best to enquire if they use MSG. Often, no allium roots (onion, garlic) can be used due to religious reasons, so many hawkers use MSG as the quickest and cheapest way to give flavour with less ingredients.

Economic rice (cai fan/杂菜饭), like the name implies, is a meal with most value in a hawker centre. It usually consists of choosing a carbohydrate (rice/brown rice/fried rice or noodles) and your preferred sides from an array of pre-cooked dishes which are kept warm.

Photo 20-7-16, 7 42 15 PM

Take note when ordering vegan food from vegetarian cai fan stalls (click on the names to see how the items look like):

  • Ask what milk is used for their curries. Traditionally it’s coconut, but some sellers use low quality cow’s milk to save costs. Needless to say, it won’t taste authentic.
  • Avoid egg-based dishes in the form of scrambled egg bits in a veggie dish, steamed egg custards and egg tofu. If you’re sensitive like me, I’d even avoid the dark soy sauce braised tau kwa/tau pok if the stall sells braised egg as they may have cooked together in the same stock.
  • If possible, avoid soy-based textured mock meats (mock mutton, fish slices, chicken nugget, pork cubes) and konjac-based mock seafoods (mock prawn, fishball, crab stick, kidney, squid). For Chinese-speakers, ask for no 斋料 or 素肉. Foreigners can use this language guide. lAs mentioned earlier, hawkers likely use cheap ones that might have small amounts of dairy and/or eggs. Some manufacturers don’t list them in the ingredients so sellers also have no idea if it’s vegan. Gluten-based (mock duck, char siu, pig innards in kway chap) and beancurd skin based (mock chicken drumstick, chicken slices in chicken rice) – based mock meats are safest and less processed.
  • To be really safe (and healthy), choose the veggie, tofu, tempeh, tau kwa (firm tofu) and tau kee (beancurd strips) dishes.

Zi Char (煮炒) refers to cooked-on-the-spot dishes. Most vegetarian stalls will offer a few to many such dishes ranging from soup noodles to stir-fries. Often pricier than cai fan with longer waiting times, but your meal is freshly made and piping hot.

(Zi char menu from San De Vegetarian.)

 Take note when ordering vegan from vegetarian zi char:

  • Again, for laksa and curries, ask “Auntie/uncle did you use coconut milk or cow’s milk?”
  • Also, ask to replace mock meats that are likely to have egg/dairy with tofu or tempeh whenever possible.
  • Fish head bee hoon is the only dish where cow’s milk is always used in the soup, ask for no milk for that.
  • For laksa, fried rice and fried noodles, some (not all) stalls add egg by default. To be safe always say “no egg” beforehand no matter what you’re ordering.
  • Flat thin yellow noodle dishes like crispy noodle (sheng mian), mee pok, mee kia and wanton mee might be egg noodles. Ask the seller before ordering. Thick yellow noodles like those in claypot noodles and hokkien mee are safe, they are wheat noodles coloured yellow.


If you can’t find vegetarian stall..

First, post in the local vegan whatsapp group or facebook groups: “Hey I’m at (location) any eats nearby?” and our lovely community will reply fast! But in cases where there really isn’t any, here’s what you can do:

If you’re okay with food from non-veg stalls:

  • Take veggie and tofu dishes from Chinese economic rice. Check for minced meat, meat
    stocks and oyster sauce.
  • At yong tau foo stalls, get plants and tofu that are NOT STUFFED and ask for dry noodles (soup likely made from animal bones) without sambal chilli.
  • Thai stalls might have veggie pad thai (ask for no egg & fish sauce).
  • Western stalls might have a plant-based pasta. You can opt out of cheese.
  • Many Indian stalls will have a vegetarian set meal (ask for no ghee/yoghurt/paneer)
    or at least biryani rice (check for no ghee), bread items (plain chapati, roti, idli and thosai are vegan) and veggie based curries.

Note that cross-contamination might occur since these stalls use the same utensils, cook in the same oil, stock or pan with non-vegan foods. If you’re uncomfortable, feel free to avoid. For Japanese, Korean, Indonesian and Malay food, fish sauce/stock and shrimp paste (belacan) are in almost everything savoury. Don’t say “vegan” as these aunties/uncles might have never heard of that – be specific and always ask if unsure.

jess photo

(Veggie pad thai from Thai stall and aglio olio from Western stall in Amoy food centre. Thanks Jessica for the photos!)


If you’re not comfortable buying from stalls that sell ALOT OF meat..

Hakka thunder tea rice (lei cha) is the most easily veganised and healthiest dish in local hawker fare. Veggies, tofu, peanuts, dried radish and long beans are topped onto brown or white rice and paired with a soup of ground nuts and herbs. Sometimes have dried shrimp – ask to remove that. My ideal meal – good carbs with lots of vitamins and a good variety of protein amino acids. Although it’s an acquired taste, I believe vegans can’t be too picky in certain situations. If there’s a stall selling it, simply request for vegetarian and seller will leave out the dried shrimps (hae bi).

Photo 22-9-15, 1 35 56 PM

(This dish is tricky to make – poorly made ones can taste like mint toothpaste! Favourite so far is from Thunder Tree @ Smith Street.)

A medium to large-sized hawker centre will have other vegan options other than vegetarian stall in the form of sides, desserts and kuehs (local term for snack). Dairy is not used in our traditional snacks like chee cheong fun, huat kueh etc. Mix and match and you can get a complete meal of carbs, protein and vitamins. Generally, look out for these Chinese characters that mean vegetarian displayed at stalls.

 su n zhai-01

Common vegan-friendly food items:

Hot desserts:

  • Pulut hitam (black sticky rice porridge with coconut milk)
  • Tau hwa (soy beancurd pudding – vegan if made in-house, factory made ones may have creamers)
  • Tau suan (split green bean porridge with dough fritters)
  • Orh nee (yam paste with gingko nuts. Note that a few stalls still cook it the traditional way with lard.)
  • Red or green bean soup
  • Ah balling (peanut soup with tang yuan)
  • Bubur chacha (sweet potato and taro in coconut milk)
  • Bubur terigu (wheat coconut porridge)
  • Cheng tng (clear soup of mainly red date, barley and white fungus, can be cold.)

The white milk in some is coconut milk and dairy is not used.

Cold desserts:



Pre-made puddings may have cow’s milk or dairy creamers.


  • Soymilk (very common!)
  • Teh-O (tea without condensed milk.)
  • Juices like sugar cane or fruit juice (note that fruit smoothies are cow’s milk based unless from a soymilk stall.)
  • Non-milky sweet drinks like barley, chrysanthemum tea, sour plum, grass jelly etc (local drinks don’t have honey unless stated like honey lemon tea or honey lemongrass).

Sometimes vegan:

  • Kopi-O (coffee beans might be roasted in butter, best to avoid all if you’re highly allergic to dairy.)

Bandung, teh tarik, milo, teh halia and teh/kopi C are cow’s milk based. Bird’s nest based drinks are uncommon but not vegan.

Steamed snacks (Best eaten from stalls with vegetarian sign. Sambal chilli sauces from non-veg stalls usually have belacan.)

  • Teochew kuehs (Some savoury ones like soon kueh might have shrimp/eggs. Request for vegetarian with no egg if buying from non-veg stall.)
  • Malay kuehs / Nyonya kuehs (Some like kueh salat & kueh dadar have eggs, some savoury ones like pulut panggang have shrimp. Request for vegetarian with no egg if buying from non-veg stall.)
  • Chee cheong fun (Unless stated otherwise, default comes with sweet black sauce and sesame seeds. For savoury, you can request for soy sauce and sesame oil.)
  • Red bean/yam/lotus seed paste buns
  • Bai tang gao
  • Vegetarian char siu bun (Uses gluten mock meat. Not sure if honey is used in the filling, quite unlikely in hawkers as maltose is cheaper. Check if unsure.)

Sometimes vegan:

Fried snacks

Sometimes vegan:

  • Turnip cake (check if lard is used to fry it, and if there’s meat or shrimp inside the cake).
  • Spring roll (best to buy from vegetarian stall as it’s commonly stuffed with meat)

Vegetable pancake/fritter (have eggs), potato curry puffs (margarine in the skin) and goreng pisang (eggs in batter) are often not vegan although they look like!


(Typical selections at fritters stall. Here they didn’t have much fried buns and are more of a breakfast place thus the steamed red rice cake, ang ku kueh.)

Other snacks

Sometimes vegan:


Best vegan versions of local comfort foods

There are many vegetarian hawker stalls that are famous for vegan versions of local hawker favourites. I haven’t tried all of them so I can’t say which is best. The following are those I’ve eaten, greatly enjoyed and can highly recommend!


(Green papaya double-boiled soup from San De made with mushroom stems, goji berries and red dates. Flavours change daily.)

For more accurate recommendations, visit the most comprehensive vegetarian food review blog Hungry Ang Mo. Start exploring our vegetarian hawker scene from his Top 10 Vegetarian Breakfasts and Best Places to Experience Zi Char Cuisine in Singapore. Directories of more stalls can be found at Little Green Wok and Happy Cow.

Next > overcoming challenges and finding support as a new vegan.

How to Be a Herbivore in Singapore Part 5 – Eating Out & Being Social


Previous: 01 why vegan . 02 nutrition . 03 cooking04 groceries . Next: 06 eating at hawker centres07 challenges and support.

Singapore is vegan food heaven – the Lion City has been named by PETA as the 2nd most vegan-friendly country in Asia! However, to enjoy this, you must understand the local food culture. If not, be prepared face inconvenience, heftier price tags, and very confused servers.

Types of diets

The concept of ‘vegan’ has not taken root in our mainstream society yet, but there are several types of vegetarians in Asia due to a history of religious influence in the region. In Singapore, you’ll meet these common types:

  • Lacto-ovo vegetarian (奶蛋素): People who avoid meat (including seafood) but take eggs and dairy.
  • Lacto-vegetarian (奶素): People who avoid meat (including seafood) and eggs but take dairy.
  • Buddhist vegetarian (斋): People who avoid meat (including seafood) and five pungent herbs – onions, chives, leeks, shallots and garlic. Most take dairy and some take eggs.
  • Chuyi Shiwu vegetarian (初一十五斋/素): Religious people (usually Buddhists) who avoid meat (including seafood) and possibly alliums and eggs only on the 1st and 15th day of the lunar calendar.
  • Indian vegetarian: There are many Indian religions that advocate avoiding meat (including seafood) and possibly eggs and/or the five pungent herbs. Takes dairy.
  • Non-religious vegetarians: People who are usually not religious and avoid meat (including seafood) and possibly eggs for other reasons (food preference, health, ethics and/or the environment).

Locals usually confuse veganism as a type of vegetarianism and think we probably take eggs and/or dairy and don’t take onion/garlic. Don’t be offended if you’re served something you don’t take. Always be politely specific when placing orders to avoid misunderstandings. There are a surprising number of people that don’t know the definition of dairy.

I’ve found the best way to put the point across to Singaporean servers is “I eat vegetarian without honey, eggs and dairy.”

In case you meet servers who aren’t fluent in English (not common but they exist), I’ve made these language cards for you to show them. They are also applicable in Chinese-speaking countries. For Singapore, Malaysia and mainland China, use the simplified Chinese versions. For Macau, Hong Kong and Taiwan, use the traditional Chinese versions. Download them here.


Types of Eating Spaces

The typology of Singapore’s public eating spaces is diverse. Here are the two main types of eateries and the pros and cons of eating vegan there. It’s best to avoid soy and konjac based mock meats as they may contain eggs and milk as binders. Gluten-based ones are safest.

Hawker centres and food courts are the heart of Singapore’s food scene and daily life. The non air-conditioned hawker centres were the first sanitary eating spaces in Singapore to offer a variety of cooked local food. Most have been replaced by air-conditioned food courts in shopping malls with similar stall setups and the inclusion of international cuisine.

Pros – The majority of locals eat their daily meals here, since it is very affordable, usually costing below $5 for a meal. Vegetarian food is common, dedicated vegetarian stalls specialise mainly in Chinese food.

Cons – Might not be the healthiest. Some can be heavy on mock meats and fried food with some egg dishes. MSG may be prevailant as a cheap and easy flavouring, as these stalls usually do not use allium plants due to religious beliefs. If you are sensitive to MSG, best to check with the stalls before eating. Not all servers can speak good English.

 (Typical selections from vegetarian stalls. Such stalls will display Chinese characters 斋 or 素, meaning vegetarian.)

Eateries, restaurants and cafés are the result of gentrification, rising affluence and increasing demand for more international variety and upscale dining experiences.

Pros – They have better service, and thus it easier to make requests. Many places have vegetarian or vegan options labelled. These places also feature bigger selections of cuisines and are often much healthier than hawker centres.

Cons – Prices can range from $5 at a family-friendly fast food joint like Komalas, to $50 for a meal at fine dining places like Sufood. Any meal more than $5 is considered too pricey to be eaten on a daily basis for lower-middle class Singaporeans. They either have to eat less healthy options at hawker centres or cook at home.


(Vegan burger place nomVnom. Thanks Wai Lek for the photo!)


Eating Out

Thanks to racial diversity, a global city status, prevalent vegetarianism and a food-centric culture, vegans can be spoilt for choice here. Within ten minutes by foot of the HDB block I stay at, there are three vegetarian food stalls, one vegetarian grocery and a vegan ice cream spot! Choices have increased especially in recent years. Here are some yummy dishes I had in recent months.


(Kwan Inn Zhai’s famous laksa, kimchi fried rice at Boneless kitchen, yam cake, chee cheong fun and shwee kueh from Bishan bus interchange cafeteria veg stall, fried hor fun from Lin Lin, capsicum pesto pasta from  Sautè and pita & falafel platter from Fill-a-Pita.)

SG Veg*n eateries’ directories

  • Happy Cow is a global directory of vegan, vegetarian, veg-friendly eateries and health stores. The Singapore directory is well-maintained by a local representative and volunteers. They have a great location-based app too. A must – have during travels!
  • Hungry Ang Mo is Singapore’s number one veg food review blog.Has excellent reviews covering most vegetarian/vegan eateries. You can filter eateries by region and proximity to an MRT station.
  • Little Green Wok has a list of vegetarian eateries by area withdetailed information regarding whether they sell dishes with onion/garlic, operating hours and contact information.

Because the local F&B scene is highly competitive, eateries can come and go. Some places with veg*n options may also have stopped offering them. That’s why it’s best to call before visiting a place you’ve not gone to.

Eating with non-vegans:

  • Animal Allies Singapore has tips on what to eat at popular establishments like MacDonald’s, Starbucks, Soup Spoon, Cedele etc, that are NOT salads and fries.
  • Why not take this as an opportunity to show how good plant-based eats can taste? Many veg*n places do excellent comfort foods that make many omnivores go “I never knew vegan can taste so good!!”. My go-to food outlets in Singapore that elicit this reaction are: Miaoyi (Cantonese vegetarian), Real Food (fushion healthy food), Brownice (pizza & ice cream), NomvNom (local flavoured burgers & awesome earl grey muffins), Veganburg (Western flavoured burgers), Kwan Yin Zhai (best $3 laksa), Well Dressed Salad Bar (awesome sweets), Gokul (vegan murtabak!).
  • Vegan choices in non-veg restaurants – a database compiled by volunteers. Many non-veg places in Singapore have veg*n options often labelled.
  • If you are eating with a group of non-vegans, find out what the eatery has to offer beforehand. Look up their online menu or call them before visiting. If the vegan options are poor, suggest alternative eating places beforehand to your friends. This is to avoid awkward situations.
  • Informing the host / organiser of the gathering/event beforehand will help reduce inconveniences too. Since religious vegetarianism is ingrained here and Singaporeans are brought up to respect others’ beliefs, people are usually accommodating.
  • Be flexible, specific and polite. If there is no vegan option, choose the dish that has the least animal ingredients and request the dish to be prepared without them. Be patient with servers if you’ve been served with non-veg food. Everyone makes mistakes, especially during peak eating hours.

Many popular vegetarian places have mock meat vegan dishes that even hardcore carnivores will love, like this incredible mutton masala from Gokul.

Even if your omni friends don’t want to eat vegan food with you, plenty of non-vegetarian places have vegan options now, like Cocoichibanya’s veggie curries.

Good friends will always consider your needs and respect your preferences. Likewise, I will not force a hardcore carnivore to go to a vegan eatery. That never needed to happen anyway as my non-vegan friends always asked me to suggest places when going out. (Thank you everyone!) And I personally don’t know any hardcore carnivores – I guess the saying “like attract like” is right! If people are sincere about wanting to spend time with you, they’ll find ways to include you.


Social events

The average local will understand religious vegetarianism. But ‘coming out’ as vegan who, on your own free will, relinquished food that society deems the most tasty will attract lots of curiosity with a polite “why ah?” and, “but chicken rice!” Once you get used to that, it’s not difficult to be a social vegan here. We have ‘normal’ friends and family members too, whom we endearingly call omnies!

Going to home reunions/parties

Chinese New Year, Hari Raya, Deepavali, Christmas and similar festivals are when we gather with our non-vegan families and friends. Vegans can face challenges not limited to food. Unfortunately most Asian cultures place importance on obeying the older generation, not rejecting food and not being too outspoken or disagreeing. Here are some tips from my vegan friends of various ethnicities on how to survive the holidays and not be put on anyone’s blacklist!

  • Chinese food can be easily veganised as soy and gluten have been used since ancient times in China as plant proteins. Dairy isn’t in most dishes too. All it takes is a polite call to your host! I’m considered lucky as there are many vegetarians in my extended family. Other than the need to endure body-shaming and single-shaming remarks, my Chinese New Years are made enjoyable with, hotpots, water dumplings and various home-cooked veggie and soy dishes.
  • As Malay food is often meat-heavy, I asked Izam, my Muslim vegan friend, to share how he visits during Eid. He made a video to show you how they look like! Savoury foods can include rice cakes like ketupat or lemming with peanut satay sauce, serundeng, sambal goreng and lontong without meat. For kueh/snacks there are sticky rice based kuehs (e.g. kueh lopes, rainbow kueh), cracker snacks like banana chips, tapioca chips and nut-based snacks like peanut candies and belinjau crackers.
  • My friend Harsha shares that Indian food is easily veganised thanks to prevalence of vegetarianism in India. Simply request the host to leave out the ghee, yogurt and paneer in vegetarian Indian food. Desserts can be made with coconut milk instead of cow’s milk too.
  • A fellow vegan who had a Eurasian extended family followed the advice above  – telling them in advance so they separated vegan food from non-vegan food and bringing a veganised dish to share. If any Eurasians have tips to contribute please email me, as I don’t know any traditional Eurasian families.

Tips to make eating vegan at non-vegans’ places pleasant for everyone:

  • Inform: Telling the host in advance to make one portion for you is the most important. Be very specific as not every person’s understanding of veganism is the same.
  • Give: Make or buy something to share. It can be a veganised version of a traditional dish or something simple like drinks or fruits. The host will greatly appreciate some preparation stress taken off him/her. A great chance to share nice eats with non-vegans!
  • Enjoy: Though it’s common to face an onslaught of sometimes not very nice questions and comments from relatives and friends, we shouldn’t let such comments dampen the mood. Being asked such questions is a great opportunity to share the benefits of this lifestyle, but with everyone in a festive mood, barely anyone will want to hear about negativities no matter how true they are. Rather, explain briefly about how you benefitted from a lifestyle change and then just enjoy the company. After all, a happy vegan is more convincing than an angry one.

Going to barbeques

BBQs are a common Singaporean way of socializing. Lots of things can be grilled besides meat! Starches like sweet potatoes and potatoes, proteins like tempeh and tofu, and firm plants like mushrooms, green/red peppers, eggplant and okra can be made delicious over the grill with a marinade or a sprinkle of salt and pepper. Quality mock meats like veggie patties and sausages from Cold Storage often can impress omnivores with their meaty flavours. Thanks Cloud for providing the photo!


Going to formal events

For weddings, networking events, company functions and D&Ds, always inform the host or HR department beforehand. Caterers will often have vegetarian options. You have to specify vegetarian with no dairy and eggs as by default some veg options, especially Western and Indian foods, have dairy. As a request can be lost in logistical processes of big companies, putting forward that you are “vegetarian and allergic to dairy and eggs” will guarantee your request being taken more seriously and followed through.

Facing remarks and judgement?

The hardest part of being vegan at gatherings is not the food; it’s talking to the people who suddenly become nutritionists after you decline their offer of salmon. I won’t talk facts first. That can come off as preachy; people’s carnist reflexes will cause defensiveness and might close their minds to a positive lifestyle. Only if someone asks (I don’t bring up veganism to everyone), I always share how this lifestyle benefited me and leave it up to individuals to decide.

As a vegetarian since I was 3, I’ve received every remark from “having not enough protein” to “what if you’re on a desert island?” and the downright rude body shamers. I barely bat an eyelid to such remarks now (partially thanks to architecture school for the thick skin). Living as a minority of society teaches one a lot about humans’ psychological defence mechanisms. Using anger and criticism to divert vulnerable feelings of guilt and sensitivity is a normal part of human nature.

(From Vegan Sidekick facebook. The struggle is real.)

Lots of vegan friends tell stories about people who are irrationally disturbed by their choice of food. Just keep doing what you believe is best. If you don’t behave like an offensive militant vegan, it’s not your fault when people attack you for choosing not to eat chicken. Don’t feel bad! Likewise, don’t criticise non-vegans as we were meat- and/or dairy-loving once. Positivity and compassion (for Homo sapiens too!) matter greatly. It’s the confidence that you show in your chosen way of life that people can respect and be inspired by.

Next > eating out at hawker centres.

How to Be a Herbivore in Singapore Part 4 – shopping for groceries!


Previous: 01 why vegan . 02 nutrition . 03 cooking . Next: 05 social eating . 06 eating at hawker centres . 07 challenges and support.

Note: This article contains reward links to products from iherb.com. I’ve tried these products and genuinely like them, hence I can recommend. If you purchase from my links you will get 5% off the next order and I will get 5% rewards credit, thanks in advance if you do! 🙂

“So hard to find vegan groceries and snacks here!”

“Vegan food is expensive!”

True, because:

  1. Vegan labeling isn’t common here yet.
  2. Vegan meat and dairy alternatives are imported, often frozen, from foreign countries and thus pricey.
  3. Vegan foods are often wrongly equated with health foods, and health foods always cost more.

Not true, because:

  1. Vegan food includes fresh produce which are plenty and cheap.
  2. If you read the ingredients you’d be surprised at the number of accidentally vegan packaged foods available.
  3. Many cheap local foods are vegan, just not marked as vegan.

This is my complete guide to places to buy everything from breads to nutritional yeast to ice creams, with indications of price range!


1) Wet markets (pasars) – Affordable


I get the bulk of my ingredients here. Not only are the produce fresher and sometimes cheaper than supermarkets, you can also support local businesses directly. Markets are stock full of local and imported veggies, tropical fruits, fresh tofu, local condiments, spice packs, dried foods and tempeh so fresh that it’s still warmly fermenting on the shelves. For tempeh, you have to go early as they sell out fast. And in a lucky neighbourhood, you get a well-stocked vegetarian grocery stall full of vegan goodies like from Malaysia and Taiwan.


2) Regular supermarkets (NTUC, Giant, Seng Siong) – Affordable

The second biggest bulk of my food comes from mainstream supermarkets. They have a great selection of fresh, dried and processed foods like miso, kimchi, non-dairy milks, canned beans, organic tofu, breads, edamame and granola bars that are not available in wet markets. Tempeh is also often available here (tip: go early), but I find wet market’s tempeh a lot fresher.

The health section is a gem – quality beans, nut milks, cider vinegar, organic grains and flaxseeds at cheaper prices than dedicated health stores. However, I seldom buy from this section unless there’s a discount or I really need it soon. Because iHerb or Mustafa sell them cheaper.

The health food section at NTUC.

Accidentally vegan breads: according to ingredients listed on NTUC’s online shop, what I’ve seen and confirmations from fellow vegans:


  • Sunshine Multi Grain
  • Sunshine Smart – Carb
    (not listed on website, confirmed from fellow vegan)
  • Sunshine Enriched Walnut Bread
  • Sunshine Potato Wholemeal buns(not listed on website, confirmed from fellow vegan)
  • Sunshine Softmeal Bread
  • Sunshine Wholemeal Cream bread rolls (Chocolate, strawberry, raspberry, cookies & cream flavours)
  • Sunshine Extra Fine Sprouted WHITE Bread (not the wholemeal one)
  • Fairprice Wholemeal
  • Gardenia Wholemeal Hamburger Buns
  • Gardenia Foccacia (not listed on the website, from my experience)
  • Top One Enriched White Bread
  • Top One Enriched Wholemeal Bread
  • Five Loaves brand has a good variety of vegan bread items (like cinnamon rolls), available at some NTUC finest.

Giant Supermarket (in-house breads, source: accidentallyvegansg):

  • Multi_Grain
  • Flaxseed
  • Charcoal multi-grain
  • Multiseed
  • Walnut bread
  • Sultana

This may not be a complete list. In case I missed out any or the companies change recipes (it happens), always check the ingredients first.


3) Traditional Chinese dried goods and medicine (TCM)
shops – VarIED prices

They aren’t just about Chinese medicine and herbs! You will find :

  • Cashews, peanuts, walnuts and similar nut snacks, often at good prices.
  • Various dried fungi like shiitake, wild mushrooms, kelp, seaweed etc.
  • Dried flowers – rose, chrysanthemum, lavender etc.
  • Beans – Dried red bean, kidney beans, green beans etc
  • Grains & Seeds – Barley, millet, oats, lotus seeds, sesame etc
  • Superfoods – Chinese dates, gojiberries, peach gum etc.
  • Convenience foods like instant soy or oat milk, sesame pastes or black sugar ginger tea.

Hock Hua, Eu Yan Sang are the most well-known chains. Smaller shops are also found in most neighbourhoods.

A shelf from Hock Hua.

Prices will depend on the quality of the product or how exotic it is. The morel mushroom in this photo (top left) costs $45 per bottle as it’s a rare delicacy. Common ingredients like green/red beans, peanuts, dried shiitake and kelp are around $2-5 per packet, depending on their grade. TCM shops’ staff are usually knowledgeable about their goods, don’t be shy to ask for recommendations.


4) Indian GROCERY shops – Affordable

Legumes, lentils and spices heaven! There’s one in almost every neighbourhood. My fav biryani and curry spice packs are from here. Many dry indian snacks are vegan – can’t resist a $2 pack of muruku!

A shelf from an Indian grocery shop.

Vegetarian products from India are always labeled with this green circle in a square. Just look out for dairy.


5) Mustafa – VARIED PRICES

You’ll be surprised at the amount of vegan foods sold at this supermarket on steroids. The maze-like layout, poor organisation, crazy weekend crowds and unhelpful staff can drive one insane. But with prices that are too good to be true and selections unmatched by any other store, braving the madness is worth it.

Vegan groceries there:

  • Singapore’s biggest selection of dates all year round.
  • Huge range of Bob’s Red Mill’s products!
  • Vegan cheese. Over the years they changed brands a few times, from Sheese to Daiya and now they’re selling Violife (2020).
  • Nuttlex and Natura vegan butters. 
  • Non-dairy milks like almond, macadamia, soy, oat milks of various flavours. Also has Califa as of 2020.
  • Instant soy, oat and nut milk powders and cereals.
  • Black salt (kala namak)! And many other condiments.
  • Fry’s faux meats, Linda McCartney and various Chinese mock meats.
  • Various sizes and types of TVPs (textured soy proteins).
  • Nut butters (some with prices that will make iHerb cry) – pistachio, tahini, raw, roasted, blended with cacao, hazelnut chocolate blends, etc.
  • Various canned beans (read: aquafaba), veggies and fruits. They don’t have canned green jackfruit but have fresh ones at the fridge section in veggies & fruit area. Tekka Market nearby also sells fresh green jackfruits.
  • All sorts of nuts and dried fruits.
  • Various flours, grains, organic beans, lentils, quinoa, chia seeds.
  • Wraps – wheat, spelt, oat, rice and gluten-free.
  • Baking section has nutritional yeast, rice/date/maple syrups, cacao nibs, coconut flakes, real vanilla extracts and beans.
  • Interesting Italian dried pasta selection (note: black pasta = squid ink)
  • Huge variety of oils. Avocado, walnut, coconut, herb-infused, etc.
  • Many dark chocolates bars there are vegan.
  • Mind-blowing amount of snacks – chips, seaweeds, local sweets, nuts, nut bars, granola bars, murukus.. I even saw raw kale chips once!
  • Spices – dried, powdered, mixed, in shakers, in grinders, etc.

Shopping there can be overwhelming, so ask a seasoned fellow vegan to guide you there – their staff are the most unhelpful service personnel you can meet. Mustafa sometimes can run out of stock for certain items for months so best to grab it when you see – you never know when it runs out!


6) iHerb – Varied price range

Vegan heaven – protein powders, marshmallows, fruit-flavoured B12, nut butters, cosmetics,  shampoos, EVERYTHING! Free shipping to Singapore for orders above USD85! My go-to for items sold too expensive or unavailable here. Here’s a list of links to good stuff I’ve tried and tested:

Use my code ZHB975 to get 10% off your first purchase!


7) Local health stores and vegetarian grocery shops – Varied price range

Health stores in Singapore comes in 2 types – Asian and Western. They carry interesting, often healthier and organic niche products (nutritional yeast, gluten-free cookies, etc) not found in mainstream supermarkets.

Cheaper places (mostly Asian groceries):
Most Chinese vegetarian eateries have a grocery shelf with local-style veg foods (斋料) like egg (and dairy) free Chinese New Year cookies, meatless bak kwa and vegan sambal belacan. There are also many Chinese vegetarian groceries hidden in neighbourhoods – check this list or Happy Cow to find one near you!

They often stock various noodles, local condiments (I get sambal and belacan here), dried beans and nuts, preserves, cereals, seaweeds and instant foods (my travel staples!). Check ingredients before buying. 

The selection from a vegetarian grocery shop near my house.
  • Fortune Centre – This vegetarian enclave is mainly known for the variety of vegan – friendly food spots. It’s also got a few shops and eateries selling Asian groceries at level 1, 2 and 3.
  • Green Natural – Chinese vegetarian health shop with both Asian and Western health foods.
  • Kian Joo  – A popular Chinese vegetarian grocery shop, part of the small belt of old-school vegetarian businesses along Sims Ave. Carries Asian mock meats, frozen and canned foods, local sauces and health foods. Neighbour to Eastern Highlands veg bakery mentioned above and Kwan In Vegetarian food court (best cheap laksa here!)
  • Redmart – Have a good selection of imported vegan meat and dairy alternatives (Beyond, Gardien, Fry’s etc) but may be sold out by now. Do email them to ask for restock.
  • Mekhala Living – Fair-trade, organic, vegan and gluten-free Southeast Asian sauces, rice, spices and oils. I’m a fan of their delicious Thai-inspired sauces!
  • Nature’s Glory – Mainly organic Asian groceries. Good range of local and imported dried and fresh produce.
  • Phoon Huat – Doesn’t matter if you’re making parfaits or ang ku kueh, they can meet most of your baking and confectionery needs! Carries various flours from rice to gluten-free, nuts, chocolates, extracts and flavourings. Also has a shelf of imported foods with vegan ones (I saw vegan ramen, snack bars and digestives). Gullon brand has many vegan cookies and biscuits. Note that their dairy-free creamer is not vegan and they have no other vegan butters except Crisco (ugh).
  • Sunny Choice – A delicious organic (mostly) vegan eatery that sells Asian health food and organic groceries.
  • Taste Original – Excellent Asian sauces and healthy ramen selection.
  • Yes Natural – Large selection of vegetarian and vegan foods and body care products. Have a vegetarian bakery (vegan options labelled) and restaurant at their Aljunied outlet.
  • Zenxin Organic –  Carries everything from fresh local produce to eco-friendly vegan household cleaners.

A note on Asian mock meats: Many of them contain milk, eggs as cheap binders and they aren’t always clearly labeled. Some untrustworthy suppliers even use animal-based flavourings, but an insider from Agri-Veterinary Authority (AVA) says they DNA test vegetarian mock meats for animal meats. Gluten-based ones (seitan) are the safest as gluten is a strong binder by itself. If the packaging looks dodgy – don’t buy. My advice is to either buy from well-known brands or avoid them completely.

Pricier places (Western groceries):
Carries imported items like organic kale, gluten-free, vegan faux meats, non-dairy cheese, vegan eggs and yogurts. Since they are often flown in frozen or refrigerated, prices can be a shock to those who are from the West.

“So what do you drink if you don’t drink cow’s milk??” Fellow vegan Shimin bursting with joy over the abundance of non-dairy milks at Mahota. Thanks for providing the photo!
  • Brown Rice Paradise – Large organic and healthy lifestyle store.
  • eat ORGANIC  – Has vegan meat alternatives.
  • Four Seasons –  High-end and quality imported health foods.
  • Marks and Spencers – Although not as many as the others on this list, they carry some accidentally vegan snacks (gummies, bourbons, digestives etc) which are delicious and quite affordable! Often have clearance sales where a pack can be as low as $2. Vegetarian, dairy and eggs are clearly labeled under diet & allergy information. I’m a huge fan of the chocolate bourbons.
  • Super nature – Large organic and healthy lifestyle store.
  • The Organic Grocer – Imported organic Western groceries and foods.
  • Vitakids – Kids’ health store with lots of vegan products.
  • Little Farms – 2 stores, one in Tanjong Pagar and one in River Valley. I like their coconut yoghurt.

If you’re an expat vegan living here, note that health foods, vegan meat and dairy alternatives available in your home country are sold here at much higher prices. If price is a concern, I encourage you to eat more whole foods and more like a local. Healthier and there’s less food miles too 🙂

8) High-end (atas) supermarkets – Pricier

“Atas” is a Singlish term for expensive, high-end and Western things. The main ones here are NTUC finest, Cold Storage (carries vegan kimchi now!) and Marketplace selling mostly produce and foods from America, Europe, Australia, Canada and New Zealand. Every one will have a selection of imported vegan ice creams (So Delicious, Tofutti, Booja Booja etc), faux meats (Fry’s, Gardein etc) and dairy alternatives (Nuttlex, CoYo, Pacific, Silk, Natura etc). They are tasty and often clearly labeled vegan, but pricey and often highly processed. I rarely patronize them as cheaper places are enough to meet my needs. Veg*ns from foreign lands will welcome the familiar sight but not the unfamiliar price – remember, you’re paying for the products’ plane ticket here.


9) Vegan bakers – Varied price range

When I started being vegan around 2008 there were almost no vegan bakers..but look at the choices now! Many of them do seasonal bakes like Chinese New Year snacks and Christmas cakes too.

  • Bakening – Free from all grains, gluten, dairy, refined/artificial sugar, soy, additives, gums, colourings and preservatives. Many vegan options available.
  • Smoocht – Famous in the local vegan scene for their handmade ice cream and pizzas; they have a selection of delicious ice cream cakes too.
  • Delia.v – Beautiful and elegant 100% vegan pastries.
  • Delcies’ – The priciest but healthiest bakery with gluten-free, diabetic-friendly, nut and soy-free options. Certified halal, 100% vegan.
  • Eastern Highland Vegetarian Bakery – Promotes themselves as eggless vegetarian but 95% of their bakes are vegan. Main selling points are the affordable price and local old-school nostalgic charm – fluffy buns, sandwich breads, durian rolls and brightly-coloured cakes. Always ask the friendly boss (uncle in singlet) for vegan as not all the staff are knowledgeable.
  • Sayang’s – Home cake baker with 100% vegan, beautifully frosted chocolate cakes, halal-friendly.
  • M Bakery – Vegetarian bakery specialising in local-style sweets and bakes with many vegan options.
  • Well Loft – Rustic, homemade and beautifully flavoured sweets baked with love. Thanks Zenna for the pretty pics!
  • Yes Natural Bakery – Healthy buns, breads, a few cakes with good vegan options, clearly labeled.
  • Vegan Vice – Impressive handmade, from scratch, healthy vegan gelatos. See my review here.


10) Vegan Ice Cream & yogurts – Varied price range

Look at this list compiled by local vegan outreach group Animal Allies Singapore. I prefer buying local brands as they can be much cheaper.

If you’re as turned off as me by the prices of non-dairy yogurts here, I wrote about how to make yogurt here. Super easy, no culture starter and machines needed – only a handful of quinoa, water and coconut or soymilk needed!


11) Local organic farms

Organic is better for our health, environment and I taste a huge difference in overall quality – sweeter, juicier, more tender and flavourful. I don’t eat full organic due to the cost, but I support local farms sometimes. Supermarket organic produce generally isn’t as fresh as buying direct from farms. Quanfa farm is my current favourite because of their low free delivery quota, you can find a list of local veggie farms here.


12) If you need lots of fruits and nuts..

Teck Sang is where you go if you’re nuts about nuts at wholesale prices! Probably the most affordable nuts and dried fruits place in Singapore.

To get all the fruits for your raw or HCLF/RTF/801010 needs, befriend your neighbourhood fruit stall’s sellers. They are usually friendly folks and can give good discounts if you bulk purchase or buy off their almost overripe fruits.


13) Bonus: Vegan lifestyle products & services

  • Bubbly Petz is Singapore’s first 100% restraint-free grooming studio that stocks vegan and eco–friendly pet supplies! A family of friendly folks are behind this studio that feels more like a furry babies daycare. Located opposite Loving Hut, one of the best vegan cafes here.
  • Handmade Heroes is another 100% locally-grown vegan brand that sells handmade quality skin care products. Shampoos, scrubs, face masks and lip care items – the perfect gift for your vegan friend!
  • Julian is a tattoo artist who uses vegan ink!
  • Luke Tan is a Singaporean vegan bodybuilder and does physical training and coaching tailored to vegans’ needs.
  • Kinokuniya and library@orchard has a great selection of vegan cookbooks in their culinary section.


Lastly, reading labels is a must


No one will judge you for reading ingredients on a pack of food because Singaporeans mind their own business. There are sneaky animal products in the form of food additives and emulsifiers (E numbers) lurking in many processed foods. A handy app is Animal-Free or simply Google the strange-sounding names. For E numbers, check against here.

Here are some examples:

  • Cochineal/Carmine/Natural red colouring – Red food colouring made from crushed red insects.
  • Isinglass – Fish bladder extract used to distill alcoholic drinks.
  • Rennet – Cow’s stomach lining extract used in cheeses.
  • Gelatine – Gelling agent made from melted animal bones used in gummies.
  • Vitamin D3 – Sheep’s wool or fish liver extract often added in juice.
  • Bone char – Animal bones, a slaughterhouse by-product used in sugar refining process to make white sugar. Widely used local brand SIS is bone char free. When in doubt, use unrefined sugar.
  • Castoreum – Fake vanilla flavouring usually called ‘natural vanilla flavours’. Extracted from beaver anal glands.

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